The latest version of "66 health literacy", have you learned?

On June 23, the National Health Quality Propaganda Monthly jointly sponsored by the Guangdong Provincial Health and Health Commission and the Shenzhen Municipal Health and Health Commission was held in Shenzhen Central Book City.It is called “66 health literacy”) to become a hot spot for the citizens at the scene.
From June this year, the National Health and Health Commission, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and the State CDC decidedJointly carry out the three -year action of national health literacy, and set in June of each year as a healthy promotion monthEssenceAt the end of May, the National Health and Health Commission announced the “66 health literacy”, mainly based on the main health problems and needs of Chinese residents, and studied and selected the basic health knowledge, behaviors and skills that the public should master.
National Health Quality Propaganda Month Monthly.
“66 health literacy” is divided into three categories: basic knowledge and concepts, health lifestyles and behaviors, and basic skills. This year is the second revisionEssenceAccording to experts, this amendment mainly increases health knowledge in the aspects of chronic pulmonary blocking, osteoporosis, healthy oral cavity, civilized, healthy and green environmental protection, as well as health and first aid, family medicine box reserves, self -test blood pressure, etc.Skill.In addition, according to the latest research results, related knowledge points have been updated.
For example, in addition to paying attention to changes in blood pressure and blood sugar, the new version of “66 health literacy” also proposes to pay attention to lung function, control the risk factors of chronic lung blocking, and patients with slow pulmonary resistance must do a good job of self -health management.
National Health Quality Propaganda Month Monthly.
In Guangdong, in order to strengthen health promotion and health education, relevant departments have launched a series of measures. At present, hospital health education has been included in the assessment of third -level public hospitals and science popularization works have been included in the performance materials of the title of the title., 600 provincial health science popularized experts, issued health science popularization expert libraries, resource library management methods, and “Healthy Guangdong” popular science live broadcast system, “The province has created 64 healthIn Kangxian District, the goal of creating 40%of the establishment of the country in 2025 in advance.2%Essence
The relevant person in charge of the Provincial Health and Health Commission revealed that the Guangdong provincial level will focus on building a “health Guangdong” popular science brand, and carry out “popular science live room”, “health coffee talk”, “health festival theory”, “science popularization into the countryside”, “health science science contest” “Seven major science popularization projects such as health skills competition “” Youth Popular Science Talent Training Camp “,Strive to achieve the goal of an average of about 2 percentage points of about 2 percentage points per year from 2024 to 2027.
“66 health literacy”, how much do you master?
Attachment: Chinese citizen health literacy -basic knowledge and skills (2024 edition)
1. Basic knowledge and concept
1. Health is not just no disease or weakness, but a good state of physical, psychological and social adaptation.Prevention is the most effective and economical means to promote health.
2. Citizens ‘physical and mental health is protected by law, and everyone has the responsibility to maintain their own health and not harm others’ health.
3. Actively learn health knowledge, practice civilized and healthy lifestyles, and maintain and promote their own health.
4. The environment is closely related to health, protects the environment, and promotes health.
5. Donation of blood free to help others.
6. Everyone should care, help, and do not discriminate against the disabled.
7. Regular health examination.
8. Blood pressure, body temperature, breathing and heart rate are the four major vitality signs of the human body.
9. The source of infection, the transmission pathway, and the susceptible people are the three links of the epidemic of infectious diseases. It is responsible for preventing and controlling patients with infectious infection.
10. Children should be vaccinated in accordance with immune procedures after birth, and adults can also achieve the effect of preventing diseases by vaccination.
11. AIDS, hepatitis B and hepatitis C spread through three ways of blood, sexual contact and mother and baby, and will not spread daily life and work contact.
12. Cough, sputum for more than 2 weeks, or blood in sputum should be checked in time if you have tuberculosis; adhere to standardized treatment, and most patients with tuberculosis can be cured.
13. Family dogs and cats should be vaccinated with rabies; after being caught and bitten by dogs and cats, they should be washed and disinfected immediately, and the rabies patients with rabies (or serum or monoclonal antibodies) and rabies patients and as soon as possible.People use rabies vaccine.
14. Mosquito, flies, mice, cockroaches, etc. will spread a variety of diseases.
15. No processing, not eating sick and dead poultry.Do not hunt, do not buy, sell, do not contact, and do not eat wild animals.
16. Pay attention to changes in blood pressure and control the risk of hypertension. Patients with hypertension should do a good job of self -health management.
17. Pay attention to changes in blood sugar and control the risk factors of diabetes. Patients with diabetes must do a good job of self -health management.
18. Pay attention to lung function, control the risk of chronic lung blockage, and patients with slow pulmonary obstruction must do a good job of self -health management.
19. Actively participate in cancer screening and early detection of cancer and pre -cancer lesions.
20. Prevent osteoporosis and promote bone health.
21. Caring for the elderly, preventing the elderly fall, and identifying Alzheimer’s dementia.
22. Caring for adolescents and women’s reproductive health, choose safe and appropriate contraceptive measures, prevent and reduce unwilling pregnancy, and protect fertility.
23. Workers have the right to protect occupational health in accordance with the law; workers must understand the harmful factors (such as dust, noise, toxic and harmful gases, etc.) in the job and working environment.damage.
24. Health food is not a medicine, and the proper health food is selected.
2. Healthy lifestyle and behavior
25. A variety of diseases are associated with weight. We must eat and balance, maintain healthy weight, and avoid overweight and obesity.
26. The diet should be mainly valley. Eat more vegetables, fruits and potatoes. Pay attention to the combination of vegetables and fruits, rough details, not partial eclipse, and not picky eaters.
27. The diet should be light, less salt, less oil, less sugar, and consume qualified iodized salt.
28. Promote consumption of milk, soy sauce and its products every day, and consume the nuts in moderation.
29. Raw and cooked foods should be stored and processed separately. Eat fruits and fruits raw and wash.
30. Cherish food and not waste, and advocate hygiene of public chopsticks.
31. Pay attention to drinking water hygiene, drink enough water every day, do not drink or drink less sugary drinks.
32. Scientific fitness, expensive insistence.Healthy adults should conduct medium intensity or 75-150 minutes of high -strength aerobic exercise per week per week, and 2 to 3 resistance training should be performed every week.
33. No smoking (including electronic cigarettes), smoking and second -hand smoke exposure can cause a variety of diseases.Electronic cigarettes contain a variety of harmful substances, which will harm health.
34. Tobacco dependence is a chronic addictive disease.The sooner the smoking smoking, the better.Any age quitting can be benefited, and professional smoking cessation services can be sought when quitting smoking.
35. Drink less and don’t drink.
36. Pay attention to and maintain psychological health. When you encounter psychological problems, you should take the initiative to help.
37. Everyone may have anxiety and depression, and correctly understand anxiety and depression.
38. Promote early development of children through parent -child communication and play.Finding the development of psychological behavior should be seek medical treatment in time.
39. The combination of work and rest and living is frequent, ensuring adequate sleep.
40. Pay attention to personal hygiene, develop good hygiene habits, use disinfection products scientifically, and actively prevent infectious diseases.
41. Protective oral health, brush your teeth in the morning and evening, and rinse your mouth after meals.
42. Scientific medical treatment, timely treatment, treatment of medical advice, and treating the results of diagnosis and treatment rationally.
43. Reasonable medication, oral muscle injection, muscle injection without infusion, and use anti -microbial drugs in accordance with doctors.
44. Use the doctor’s advice to use anesthesia drugs and psychotic drugs such as addictive drugs to prevent drug dependence.
45. Reject drugs.
46. ​​Use sanitary toilets in rural areas to manage poultry and livestock manure.
47. Wear helmets and seat belts; do not speed, do not drunk, drive unimpeded, driving without fatigue; children use safety seats to reduce road traffic damage.
48. Strengthen care and education, prevent children’s drowning, and scientifically rescue drowning personnel.
49. Winter heating Pay attention to ventilation and beware of carbon monoxide poisoning.
50. Take the initiative to accept pre -marital and pre -pregnancy health care, age fertility. During pregnancy, you can accept prenatal examinations and pregnancy risk screening and evaluation, and hospital delivery.
51. After the child is born, breastfeeding should be started as soon as possible.
52. Young people should cultivate a healthy behavioral lifestyle. They should adhere to outdoor sports for more than 2 hours a day. They should master more than 1 exercise skills to prevent myopia, overweight and obesity, and avoid online addiction and premature sex.
Third, basic skills
53. Pay attention to health information and can correctly obtain, understand, screen, and apply health information.
54. Read the food label and choose the pre -packaged food reasonably.
55. It will identify common hazardous logos and stay away from the dangerous environment.
56. Scientific management families commonly used drugs and read drug labels and instructions.
57. Measure pulse, weight, body temperature and blood pressure.
58. When emergency medical assistance is needed, 120 emergency calls will be called.
59. Properly store and use pesticides correctly, beware of children’s contact.
60. Injurgically, the injured of the breathing and cardiac arrest will perform the cardiopulmonary resuscitation and learn to use the automatic vitro tremor (AED).
61. When traumatic bleeding occurs, hemostasis and bandaging will be performed; do not move freely for the wounded on the fracture.
62. The burns will be treated, and the airway foreign object will be discharged with the abdomen impact method.
63. When rescue the electric shock, you should first cut off the power and do not directly contact the electric shock.
64. When a building fire occurs, call the fire police call 119 to rescue himself and escape.
65. When geological disasters and earthquakes such as landslides, collapse, mudslides, and earthquakes occur, choose the correct way to avoid risk avoidance and rescue themselves.
66. When a flood disaster occurs, choose the correct way of hedging and rescue themselves.
Southern+Reporter Bian Delong
Correspondent Yue Weixin
[Author] Bian Delong
Guangdong Health Headline